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25 de Maio de 2014

Antimatter was duly discovered in 1932

The search for the God particle goes beyond mere physics

The God particle really the Higgs boson still resists confirmation, though scientists at the Large Hadron Collider recently reported “tantalizing hints” of its existence. They also reject the notion that their search has anything to do with God, which is only technically true.

Modern physics can explain just about uk canada goose everything, except why canadian goose jacket anything has canada goose clearance sale mass. cheap Canada Goose The Standard Model of physics, which emerged four decades ago, employs an elegant mathematical buy canada goose jacket cheap formula to account for most of the elemental forces in canada goose coats on sale the universe. It correctly predicted the discovery of various leptons canada goose store and quarks in the laboratory.

But the equation doesn’t explain Canada Goose Outlet gravity. So the Standard Model requires the existence canada goose coats of some other force that seized the massless particles produced by the Big Bang canada goose uk shop and sucked them into physicality. The detection of Higgs bosons would confirm this theory which is why scientists are smashing protons into one another in a 17 mile round particle accelerator and picking through the subatomic wreckage.

It will take a few more years for definitive results. But most scientists don’t seem to appreciate the glorious improbability and philosophic implications of the entire enterprise.

In 1928, theoretical physicist Paul Dirac combined the mathematical formulas for relativity and quantum mechanics Canada Goose Jackets into a single equation Canada Goose Coats On Sale and canada goose factory sale predicted the existence of antimatter. Antimatter was duly discovered in 1932. But why should a mathematical equation the product of brain chemistry describe physical reality? It is not self evident that there should be any correspondence between mathematical formulas and the laws of the universe. Modern physics Canada Goose Online does not consist of measured phenomena summarized in elegant equations; it consists of cheap canada goose uk elegant equations that predict measured phenomena. This has been called “the unreasonable effectiveness of buy canada goose jacket mathematics.” However unreasonable, it led to the construction of the Large Hadron Collider along the border of France and Switzerland, the largest machine ever built by human beings.

Dr. Ard Louis, a young physicist teaching at the University of Oxford, recalls his first encounter with Dirac’s equation. “How can mathematics demand something so fantastical from nature? I was sure it couldn’t be true and spent many hours trying to find a way out. When I finally canada goose uk black friday gave up and saw that there was canada goose outlet toronto factory no way around Dirac’s result, it canada goose gave me goose bumps. I remember canada goose clearance thinking that even if I never used my years of physics training again, it would have been worth it just to see something so spectacularly beautiful.”

Louis describes a cumulative case for wonder. Not only does the universe unexpectedly correspond to mathematical theories, it is self organizing from biology to astrophysics in Canada Goose online unlikely ways. The physical constants of the universe seem finely tuned for the emergence Canada Goose Parka of complexity and life. Slightly modify the strength of gravity, or the chemistry of carbon, or the ratio of the mass of protons and electrons, and biological systems become Canada Goose sale impossible. The universe ending Big Crunch comes too soon, or carbon isn’t produced, or suns explode.

The wild improbability of a universe that allows us to be aware of it seems to demand some explanation. This does not require theism. Some physicists favor the theory of the multiverse, uk canada goose outlet in which every possible universe exists simultaneously. If everything happens, it is not surprising that anything happens. But this is not a theory that can be scientifically tested. Other universes, by definition, are not accessible. The multiverse is metaphysics just as subject to the scientific method as the existence of heaven.

One reasonable alternative the one canada goose black friday sale advocated by Louis is theism. It explains a universe finely tuned for life and accessible to human reason. It accounts for the cosmic coincidences. canada goose uk outlet And a theistic universe, unlike the alternatives, also makes sense of free will and moral responsibility.

This is not proof for the existence of God. But the conflict here is not between faith and science; it is between the competing faiths of theism and materialism, neither of which can claim to be proved https://www.canadagooseparkasoutlet.ca by science. Modern physics has accelerated smack into the limits of the scientific method. It raises questions it cannot answer but that human beings cannot avoid matters of meaning and purpose. This is not a failure of science, just a recognition that measurement is not the only source of meaning.

Our response to nature’s astounding symmetries is not only rational but aesthetic. Some, like Louis, feel goose bumps and thankfulness. Others are angered by such sentimentalism. Yet this would be a sad epitaph for modern science: It revealed wonders but was numb to wonder.

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